Document Type

Report

Publication Date

12-20-2023

Keywords

Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic Aortic Dissection, Thoracic Aortic Rupture, Thoracic Aortic Interventions, TAA Outcomes

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Scarce US-based regional or State-specific reports exist recording the incidence, prevalence, or post-diagnosis clinical outcomes for end-stage thoracic aortic aneurysmal (TAA) disease. This retrospective cohort study of New York State (NYS) patients with newly diagnosed ruptured or dissected thoracic aortic aneurysms (TAA-RD) documents two-year follow-up after elective and emergent procedures.

METHODS:

Using hospital billing codes, NYS first-time TAA-RD encounters were extracted. As the primary study endpoint, the two-year composite included all-cause death, subsequent rupture or dissection, or non-elective intervention; individual composite sub-components were secondary study endpoints.

Multivariable logistic regression models estimated two-year intervention and composite outcome risks. Using multivariable regression models created for the composite endpoints, post-discharge elective TAA procedural impact was evaluated.

RESULTS:

Of the 5,789 NYS residents identified, 49.92% reached the two-year composite endpoint with 23.98% two-year deaths. Only 1902 (32.86%) of TAA-RD patients had an index intervention. Post-discharge elective TAA interventions dramatically reduced adverse outcome risk (odds ratio [O.R.] = 0.36; 95% confidence interval [C.I.] = 0.26 - 0.51). Multivariable regression models identified patient characteristics associated with the two-year adverse composite outcome including urgent/emergent status, increased Elixhauser comorbidity score, non-rheumatic aortic regurgitation, and carotid disease.

CONCLUSIONS:

Nearly 50% of NYS TAA-RD patients reached the two-year adverse endpoint. Post-2014, the TAA-RD diagnosis rates increased but emergent thoracic aortic surgery rates decreased. Surprisingly, under 50% of NYS TAA-RD patients received an index admission procedure; this rate is lower than anticipated. Beyond traditional morphologic metrics, “at risk” TAA patient-characteristics were identified. Post-discharge survivors had excellent post-procedural two-year durability rates.

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